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  • Writer's pictureMarlena Abraham

Designing VR/​AR Expe­ri­ences for the Under 18 Crowd

Updated: Nov 17, 2019

This is a post I originally wrote for Schell Games. You can read the original post at . Images from this post were provided by Schell Games.


Kids and teenagers both enjoy virtual reality (VR) as much as (if not more than) adults. However, their playstyles, interests, and even abilities to use the hardware can vary dras­ti­cally. Here are a few key obser­va­tions we’ve picked up in the last few years.

Child-Sized Affor­dances

While every­thing else in this article may be a gener­al­iza­tion or an educated guess, if you’re designing a VR or AR game for kids, keep these sugges­tions in mind:

  • Headsets weren’t built with kids in mind: I’ve seen plenty of kids having a ball in VR, but the younger they get the more likely it is that the the headset will start slipping off their face. Even if their parents are okay with them playing the game, phys­i­cally, the child may be unable to play.

  • Kids have tiny hands: When you’re designing for kids, they might not be able to reach buttons as easily as adults (or, in some cases, at all.) Their hands can also get cramped and tired when they’re using controllers built for adults. Playtest control schemes early and often to make sure kids can reach every­thing that they need to.

  • Kids are (generally) shorter than adults: Don’t put anything important too high off the ground. Consider putting important inter­faces on hand controllers so that kids can always reach them. If you have important gameplay elements on tables, consider adding a way to raise and lower either the table or the player’s head. Telekinesis is another great way to make sure that the player can reach every­thing that they need.

  • Age matters. A lot.: The stuff that seven year olds like is usually VERY different from the stuff that eleven year olds like. Interests, cognitive abilities, reading levels, and dozens of other factors vary dras­ti­cally as kids age. Partic­u­larly if you’re designing for the elemen­tary to middle school range, do your best to pick a very specific age range to target. A three-year spread can still be a lot to cover.


It’s always important to playtest a game with your target demo­graphic, but this is espe­cially true for kids. Adult coworkers may be children at heart, but as test subjects, adults are a poor substi­tute for the real thing. We invite kids to test the games we make early and often so that if we run into any huge issues, we can catch them and design around them before it’s too late.

Hardware Obser­va­tions

Like I said earlier, VR and AR hasn’t really been built with kids in mind yet, but here are some inter­esting tidbits we’ve picked up recently:

  • Sharing in augmented reality (AR): Handheld AR is a cool medium for kids because kids can look over each other’s’ shoulders. I haven’t seen many games or apps play with this explic­itly yet, but when it happens it’s a cool moment.

  • Grabbing stuff is cool: Both kids and adults seem to prefer hand-based controllers to remote-based or headset-based. There’s something about reaching out and picking up an object in VR that just feels awesome no matter how old you are.

  • Kids play differ­ently than adults: This defi­nitely varies from person to person, but you may find for example that on a partic­ular platform, kids are more comfort­able leaning in to examine an object closely than adults. Kids can also have different frus­tra­tion points than adults: kids might ignore an interface glitch that gets an adult playtester riled up in just one or two uses, but they might also get bored of a repet­i­tive action that an adult finds satis­fying. There aren’t very many ​‘hard and fast’ rules for this yet, so just make sure that if you’re planning on including a younger audience that you playtest with people of a variety of ages.

Recre­ational Content

(Warning: small sample size and anecdotal data ahead.)

When I playtest with kids or give talks at career days, I ask kids about the kinds of games they like to play. These are mostly broad gener­al­iza­tions, but:

  • Humorous content is awesome: Funny is memorable, funny is quotable, funny is memeable. Humorous content and oppor­tu­ni­ties for funny moments can keep kids talking about a game for a very long time.

  • Favorite game types: When I ask kids about their favorite games, a few patterns seem to rise to the surface: (1) games that are super huge and/​or replayable (e.g. GTA, Player Unknown Battle­grounds (PUBG), Assas­s­in’s Creed, etc.) (2) games with char­ac­ters that they love (e.g. Undertale) (3) games that their favorite streamers and Youtubers are playing (4) mobile games that are easy to pick up when they’ve got a free moment. This isn’t large-scale market research by any means, but when designing VR games these are good touch points to keep in mind. On a related note, gamer parents are pretty likely to have gamer kids.

  • Community generated content is king: Games with addi­tional content made by the community as well as customiz­able options are very popular. Team Fortress 2 (TF2) was big on that for a while, now it’s PUBG. Minecraft is the canonical customiz­able megagame, but the trend extends to other games as well.

Possible Educa­tional Content

There’s a lot of interest in getting VR and AR expe­ri­ences into schools, but that’s still a very new branch that not many people have explored yet. Here are a few subjects that I think could work well in the medium:

  • Sensitivity/​empathy training (put yourself in someone else’s shoes)

  • Histor­ical content (visit places that don’t exist anymore, view important events from the past, etc.)

  • Virtual compe­ti­tions (model UN, debate club, etc.)

  • Physics simu­la­tions (to comple­ment physics/​math classes)

  • Cooking (learn tech­niques by watching over someone’s shoulder)

  • Listening/​observation (listening to char­ac­ters tell a story (i.e. murder mystery?) and react to new infor­ma­tion)

If you’re new to the space, you’ll probably have more questions. If you’re a veteran, you may want to argue the finer points. Either way, you should email me at so that we can talk more about VR. Do it.

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1 Kommentar

Jim Smith
Jim Smith
26. März 2021

Opting for a surround sound system instead of an headphone for your kids for playing this VR on PS4 is immersive. Check out our related article on cheap vr headset for kids to get your perfect pick

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